Paul Cézanne (19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter. He is often credited with having formed the bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and the early 20th century’s new line of Cubism.
Wishing to make (in his own words) something “solid and durable, like the art of the museums” out of Impressionism, Cézanne sought out the structural regularity of his subjects. By repeating the round and angular shapes in The Basket of Apples, the artist demonstrated his formalist approach. Despite his attention to the shapes and structures of his subjects, Cézanne animated the objects in the painting. He placed the basket of apples on one of his characteristic tilted tables; it careens forward from a slab-like base that appears to upset rather than support it. Upon closer inspection, the tabletop seems to be fractured, since it emerges on the right side at a different level than on the left; as if they are from two different viewpoints. Cézanne’s use of geometric form and disjointed perspective made him an inspiration to Pablo Picasso, Cubism, and the abstract art of the 20th century.
Paintings such as this helped form a bridge between Impressionism and Cubism.
Paul Cezanne’s work features an innovative way of representing nature, color and form by using an ordered method of artistic application. His approach inspired cubists and cutting edge artists. Cezanne said that “Everything in nature takes its form from the sphere, the cone and the cylinder” and cubism was founded on these principles of form.